Tag Archives: MASH

Top ten list of my favorite TV shows

Greetings, readers. Over my lifetime I have enjoyed many television programs from the 1970s right through the 90s. Though I have watched a few episodes of Friends, The Big Bang Theory, and Mike and Molly, I just don’t get into network programing nearly as much as I used to. I have much more to do, and outlets such as Netflix streaming and YouTube give me all the entertainment I need. TV shows, movies, and even concerts are there on offer. Here’s a top ten list of my favorite TV shows. I’ll try to put them in order.

#10. Family Matters. [A very nice family show with the geeky boy next door whose wonderful catch phrase was, “Did I do that?” You got to love Steve Urkel.]

#9. Fresh Prince of Bel Air. [I’ve been a big fan of Will Smith, mostly from his movies, but this show was exceptional. The young boy from Philly who got sent to Bel Air to live with the rich aunt and uncle. Wouldn’t that be nice. As a side note, this is also one of my girlfriend’s favorites.]

#8. Maude. [This was Bea Arthur and Rue McClanahan’s first TV venture together. I laughed with them in Maude, as well as in their later series The Golden Girls with Betty White and Estelle Getty.]

#7. The Love Boat. [All aboard on Captain Stubing’s love boat. I watched it each and every week for years. The first few seasons were from the port of L.A. down to Mexico and back. A whole cruise shown in an hour. In later seasons, guest stars got to fall in love while traveling to exotic and rare destinations.]

#6. Full House. Fuller House. [Now we are starting to get to my really favorite shows. I watched every episode of Full House and taped them all when they were on reruns. Danny, Uncle Jesse and Joey helped guide the three girls through topics such as sharing a room, their first loves, and in a very poignant episode, where was their daddy during the San Francisco earthquake. It’s spin-off, Fuller House, which premiered last year on Netflix, picks up with D.J. Fuller widowed with three boys. The whole cast, except the Olsen twins, took part. As far as I know, there will be a second season. I can’t wait.]

#5. Charlie’s Angels. [When this show aired in 1976, I was 11 going on 12. Young, beautiful women in skimpy outfits or bikinis. Yes, I’m going to like it, shoot me. For any real Charlie’s Angels fan, I’m sure you’ll agree that most of their stories were good ones and well written. And let’s not forget David Doyle as Bosley and John Forsythe as the voice of Charlie. Two excellent actors.]

#4. Star Trek. ST: The Next Generation. ST: Deep Space Nine. ST: Voyager. ST: Enterprise. [Well, the secret is out; I am a Trekkie. I love the whole idea of the almost perfect future universe. I adore holodeck episodes; the idea that you can walk into a room and it becomes anything you wish fascinates me to no end. To be honest, I did not watch every episode of Enterprise, but most Trek fans did like it.]

#3. Cagney and Lacey. [A wonderful police drama in the 1980s about two women police detectives dealing with not only their jobs but their home lives. Mary Beth’s husband Harvey was a wonderful character and magnificently played by John Karlen. On a down note, midway through the series, Christine Cagney got a love interest, but for some unknown reason the writers made him an almost exact duplicate of Harvey. This did not go down well with me. This series dealt not only with police issues, but with Christine’s loss of her father and her own alcoholism, as well as the brilliantly written two-part episode dealing with Mary Beth’s breast cancer. If there was a down side to this series, it was the lackluster series finale. Apparently CBS didn’t know if it was being renewed or not, so the women were instructed by LT. Samuels to paint the ladies’ room. If they didn’t get promoted to the major cases squad, they would have a, “freshly painted bathroom to come back to.”]

#2. Reba. [This is a series I watched with my girlfriend Traci in reruns. I had heard about it but never watched it when it had its first run. The show deals with a divorced woman devotedly religious, played by Reba McEntire, as she struggles to make ends meet, fights with her ex-husband and his new wife, and loves and cares for her kids. The show is set in Houston, Texas, and in the early years, son-in-law Van plays high school and then college football. For a brief period, he turns pro, but an injury ends his career. That allows Reba and Van to partner up in a real-estate venture. Actress Scarlett Pomers dealt with an eating disorder fairly late in the series and missed a season. She triumphantly returned in the final season.]

#1. M.A.S.H. [The is quite possibly my favorite show of all time. I watched it religiously in prime time and in reruns as a teenager. For a half hour each night, I would picture myself there in Korea with all my friends; Hawkeye, Trapper, B.J. and all the rest. My favorite episode, which according to Loretta Swit changed the series, was called Comrades in Arms. Hawkeye and Margaret were sent to another M.A.S.H. unit, their jeep breaks down and they have to hide. When shelling of the hut they are hiding in starts near the end of part one, they embrace and seem to fall in love, though that is a misunderstanding. At the end of part two, they are not a couple, but the dynamics of the characters changed for the rest of the series.]

Well, there is my list. As usual, please chime in with your top ten list in the comments if you wish. Have a great Friday and weekend, take care, and happy reading.


Another hodgepodge day

Greetings, readers. It is a partly sunny Friday afternoon, but it is cold outside. I’m glad to see the blue sky here and there, but I could do without that wind. As I get ready to make my weekend plans, there is something I want to do with someone at 3:00, and when I get home I intend to write. My new short story is going well and I am psyched about that. This morning for the first time in a long time I actually felt like I was in that zone that I love to be in. It is as though I am seeing what I am writing as if it was a movie.

To another topic, my blog entry from yesterday was well received – no negative comments. I understand that I could have taken a shovel and bashed the hell out of Donald Trump, but I chose to play it a little bit safe and that is okay for now. I will see how I feel about that as the general election gets closer. Am I going to write blog entries about Hillary Clinton or Bernie Sanders, the frontrunners in the Democratic party? Not as of this moment, but you never know.

In cool news, I noticed on Facebook that today is Alan Alda’s 80th birthday, so happy birthday to him. M*A*S*H was one of my favorite shows. Also, I saw yesterday on Facebook that the DeLorean car company is going to resume production for the first time since 1982. Thumbs up to that.

Yesterday also marked the 30th anniversary of the explosion of the space shuttle Challenger. I have watched many documentaries dealing with that disaster and if NASA had listened to the expert who said it was too cold to launch, those wonderful folks would still be alive. We’ll chalk that up to another tragedy that didn’t have to happen.

Finally, in this hodgepodge blog entry, I can’t believe that pitchers and catchers report to spring training a month from now. It seems like the Kansas City Royals just walked off the field after winning the World Series. It is true I guess that baseball has the shortest off-season, so I shouldn’t be surprised. It would not amaze me if in 10 or 20 years baseball was played year-round in the United States in a brand new league. There are plenty of domes and stadiums down south and out west to make a second baseball league a viable prospect in cities that don’t have major league teams now.

Well, there you have it, these are my thoughts on my day. We’ll be back next week with at least two new blog entries. Until then, have a fantastic weekend, take care and happy reading.

Getting back to my daily routine after being sick

Greetings, readers. I was going to do a top ten list today, but because I was under the weather since the end of last week, I did not have time to prepare one. I always like to think about my top ten lists, to get them just so. From New Year’s Eve until literally this morning, all I wanted to do was sleep. I had to force myself to check my Facebook page and keep up my correspondences.

Although some white puffy clouds are rolling in now, it’s been a bright sunny day. The wonderful 62 degree weather was replaced with temperatures in the mid-thirties, and night-time lows in the single digits. It took awhile, but winter has finally arrived. Yuk.

Now, for something funny. I woke up at 5:15 this morning trying to force myself to get into my morning routine for Wednesdays. My get-up-and-go got up and went, and after feeding Keekee, I quickly went back to bed. When the alarm went off two hours later, she went and sat by her plate, looked at me as if to say, aren’t you forgetting something? I had to explain to the poor darling that she had already had her breakfast. I did give a little extra milk and that made her happy. Yes, Daddy is wrapped around Keekee’s little paw, and she knows it.

Tomorrow I am definitely getting back to my early morning routine and it shall consist of reading over three possible writing ideas and getting to work on one of them. The time for the wheels to be stuck in the mud is over. I know, I know, I’ve said that before, but I feel like a worthless lump and something has to give soon. More topics to discuss with my therapist, I’d say.

Tomorrow Rebecca will be coming in and I might just have that top ten list ready for editing. If not, you will definitely see it Friday.

Take care, enjoy the sunshine if you have it, and even though it is a few days late, R.I.P to actor Wayne Rogers. We will miss you, Trapper John from M*A*S*H.

From Rebecca: Time for the new fall season on network television

Every fall the big networks start a new season for their programs, with new projects they bought from pilot episodes in the spring, and with the next season of shows renewed from last season. A new line-up, new schedule, and new stories. I get so excited. I get the TV Guide magazine, and for the last few years in September, they have covered the new shows in one issue and covered the returning shows in the next. I read these issues with marker in hand, seeing which shows I’m interested in and which I’m not, noting the day of the week they will be on and when they start. This year was no different, and I have enjoyed the shows that have premiered so far. More premiers to come in the weeks ahead.

The new fall season is a tradition I have followed since I was a child and teenager. TV was a lot different back then, with only three major networks, CBS, NBC, and ABC plus PBS. Not every household got every channel though, because of using an antenna that might not receive them all. If you watched TV, you watched shows from their line-ups, and chances were high that your neighbors and co-workers watched the same thing the night before. No VCRs or other recording devices, so we watched shows as they aired or we missed them. Well, until re-runs in the summer, when networks would often repeat the just-finished season of a show to fill the slow summer schedule.

We would often watch one channel the whole evening, like CBS’s Monday night line-up, or NBC’s Thursday block of shows. Some of the shows I watched back then were Cagney & Lacey, All in the Family, M.A.S.H., Wonder Woman, Hill Street Blues, and Masterpiece Mystery.

In the 80s and 90s, other channels launched, some successful and some not. UPN, Fox, WB, CNN, HBO. Now we have hundreds of channels to choose from, depending on our cable package, and more shows than we can keep up with. We also have new shows all year round, not just in the fall, from this array of cable networks. This influenced the major networks to also run new shows in the spring and the summer. Shows I watch now, from my choices of network and cable channels, are The Good Wife, Modern Family, Mom, Brooklyn Nine-Nine, Doctor Who, Face Off, Downton Abbey, and Major Crimes.

In last few years, the field of choices has grown again, as the internet sprouted sites for web-shows with original content that did not start on television or a television network. Hulu, Netflix, and other sites have followed with original content of their own that can be streamed and watched on whatever electrical device we have. This can be exciting, but also overwhelming, and no one can watch everything that is available.

So I am glad that the major networks, now CBS, NBC, ABC, and Fox, with PBS and CW, still have the fall season, with new shows and new seasons for the returning programs. Though they space out the premiers a lot more than they did, and some shows don’t premier until January, it is still a fresh start and a definite new slate. One of my favorite traditions.

Top ten list of my top ten lists

Greetings, readers. Rebecca had an idea that I just loved; to do a top ten list of our top ten lists to date. Here they are in order. You can click on the titles to link to the original blog entry. Enjoy.

#10. Top ten list of my favorite football helmet logos

#9. Top ten list of my favorite TV theme songs [In my last performance, the theme to The Love Boat was the show opener.]

#8. Top ten list of great M.A.S.H. episodes [It was truly hard to choose only ten. M.A.S.H. was such a great show; truly top quality TV.]

#7. Top ten list of favorite holidays

#6. Top ten list of favorite television show finales

#5. Top ten list of places I want to visit or revisit

#4. Top ten list of MLB or NFL stadiums gone by [I wished I could have lived in the era when Forbes Field in Pittsburgh and Shibe Park in Philadelphia were in their heyday. I definitely would have gone to games there.]

#3. Top ten list of ways to get inspired

#2. Top ten list of airlines no longer with us [I never thought that TWA, Eastern, or Pan Am would ever go out of business.]

#1. Top ten list of Air Crash Investigation stories [This topic continues to be one of the hottest on the blog and this is the entry with the most views.]

Honorable mention: Top ten list of modern conveniences [This one is a funny one. Every week with few exceptions it shows up in the views stats. Neither of us have any idea why this is so popular. For all we know, a teacher might be using this as part of a homework assignment.]

There you have them, in order. Chime in with yours if you wish to, here or on Facebook. Until next Wednesday, take care, have a great weekend and happy reading.

Hawaii Five-O classic ’68 to ’79

Greetings, readers. As a binge TV watcher, the latest show that I have been enjoying is the classic Hawaii Five-O. The way I have been enjoying it recently is that I will watch one episode per season. Watching it that way makes it very easy to see how much Jack Lord aged during those years. Hawaii Five-O was one of my favorite programs along with The Waltons and M.A.S.H when I was youth. Here are my thumbs up and thumbs downs for this series, classic Hawaii Five-O.

In 1968, when the series began, the 30-something Jack Lord had a look and feel of a James Bond. Everyone wore short hair, thin ties, and polished shoes. Steve McGarrett was the super cop, the head of the fictitious state police. To me the first season was hysterically funny although the series was a drama. Characters Chin Ho, Kono, and Dan Williams, when asked if they knew anything about the case, would always reply something to the effect that they had no new information. This would leave super-cop McGarrett to be the one who figures out the crime. After a season or so of this, thank goodness, CBS decided to change the format slightly. The other characters added more and didn’t appear so stupid. Steve McGarrett, however, remained the one who always cracked the case.

In the early years, when I was a youth, Steve McGarrett had a wonderful black car, a 1968 Mercury Park Lane Brougham. From season 8 to season 12, his classic car was replaced with a new model. I liked the old one better. I read on the internet that a car collector purchased the original Hawaii Five-O Mercury. I wish I was that person; I would love to own that car.

At the end of season 10, Kam Fong, who played Chin Ho Kelly, wished to leave, so his character was killed off. That made me very upset because I liked him, yet it gave Jack Lord the opportunity to shine with his acting skills, as his character swore to Danno that he would not rest until he caught the killer of his friend. James MacArthur, who played Danno, hung around for one more year. No mention was ever said about where he went or what happened to him. For their final season, season 12, three new characters were created; Lori Wilson, the first female character to join the team, the Hawaiian strong man who played Truck, and Danny’s replacement, Kimo. I have to be honest, book him Kimo didn’t have the same ring as McGarrett’s catch phrase book him Danno.

Two quirks I have with the series; one minor and one major. The minor one I believe took place in season 9 where the Hawaii Five-O team was magically transported to a different building. I believe this was because the Iolani Palace was being renovated in real life. The major one, which makes me chuckle every time I see it, happens in the later seasons during car chases. One scene McGarrett will be driving his new Mercury Marquis, then the next scene he’ll whiz by in his old car, and back and forth it will go. Obviously the editors didn’t care; to them a black car with McGarrett in it was fine. When you have seen the episodes as many times as I have you can forget storylines and pick up little details like this. To them cutting and slicing was probably being cost-effective, to me I call that bad editing.

I did give the new Hawaii Five-O that started about 4 seasons ago a trial run. Although it is still on the air, I don’t watch it. To me there will only be one Hawaii Five-O, what Netflix streaming calls Hawaii Five-O (1968) Classic .

That’s our post for today. Feel free to chime in with your favorite shows in the comments, and for my friends on Facebook and Twitter, leave a comment on there if you wish. So have a good day, bundle up if you are in the deep freeze, take care and happy reading.

Top ten list of my favorite television show finales

Greetings, readers. The other day I began to think of all the TV shows I have watched and loved over the years. When I was younger, I was really into television. Here’s a top ten list of my favorite show finales. Please chime in with yours via comment if you would like to.

#10. Little House on the Prairie [It was wonderful that the population of Walnut Grove stood up for what they believed in and did not let someone else take over their town.]

#9. Futurama [I always knew that Leela and Fry would fall in love. I just wish they would have fallen in love earlier. It was a heart warming ending to the series.]

#8. Everybody Loves Raymond [Sweet ending, and to me it proves that even a family who fights a lot knows that they really do love one another.]

#7. M*A*S*H final movie [Even though everything that could go wrong did go wrong, the final scene where everyone was saying their good-byes made that film one of the best that I’ve seen in a long time. We must remember that a forest fire in California is what caused the re-write to explain the compound being destroyed.]

#6. Full House [Excellent series. I watched every episode. Michelle getting amnesia after falling off the horse was an eerie but likable twist to the series ending.]

#5. Cagney and Lacey [To me this show was left open as Lieutenant Samuels told Cagney and Lacey to go paint the ladies’ room. If the show came back for another season, they would have a freshly painted washroom. The series did not come back, so we were left knowing that the two characters went to the major cases squad.]

#4. Star Trek: The Next Generation [Probably one of the best series finales I’ve ever seen. The jumping through time wasn’t difficult to follow at all and I enjoyed the scene where Picard was shuttled to the Enterprise for the first time. Denise Crosby came back to play Lieutenant Yar, and Marina Sirtis was back in her original uniform and hair style. OMG.]

#3. Cheers [An definite closing scene, wonderfully done by Ted Danson. As he walked around the bar for a final time, and after getting a knock on the door, he simply said, “Sorry, we’re closed,” and waved. The scene was simple yet powerful.]

#2. Star Trek: Voyager [I always hoped that at the end of the series Voyager would get home. When Voyager shot through the vortex and Earth was in front of them, I must admit I had to hold back tears. Very well done and emotional scene. The acting was excellent. A great ender.]

#1. The Mary Tyler Moore Show [Not only were these characters saying good-bye to one another in the news room at WJM, but these actors and actresses were saying good-bye at the same time. To me, that is what makes that scene the best closer of any series I’ve ever watched. Bravo, and five stars.]

Honorable Mention:

The third season finale: The M*A*S*H episode where Henry Blake died. [Although this is not a series finale episode, it was for poor Henry. The character thought he was going home, but of course war is hell and not everybody gets to go home. I still remember watching this episode first run and cried at the end. I was around the age of ten. Sad, but extremely well done.]

Well, there you have it. Again, as mentioned at the top, chime in with comments or a list. Until next week, have a wonderful weekend, take care and happy reading.

Top ten list of great M*A*S*H episodes

Greetings, readers. Here is a list of really great M*A*S*H episodes. We’ll have ten of them plus one honorable mention to complete the list. Enjoy.

#10. Dear Dad # 1, season one. [The first letter home to Hawkeye’s dad. There were several of these letter home episodes over the years by various characters.]

#9. Out of Gas, season seven. [Father Mulcahy must deal with black marketeers to obtain sodium pentothal, a much needed anesthesia.]

#8. Period of Adjustment, season eight. [Klinger must deal with everybody comparing him to Radar, and B.J. must deal with his little girl calling Radar daddy when he is met at the airport by B.J.’s wife and daughter. This episode has very touching scenes and is quite well acted.]

#7. Hawk’s Nightmare, season five. [Hawkeye all of a sudden, over several nights, wakes up screaming, claiming to see his childhood friends having dreadful accidents. Dr. Sydney Freedman saves the day.]

#6. Fallen Idol, season six. [One of my personal favorites. When Hawkeye insists that Radar goes into Seoul for R&R, Radar comes back injured. When Hawkeye must operate, though he is intoxicated due to guilt, and must leave the O.R. to be sick, Radar loses respect temporarily for Hawkeye.]

#5. 5 o’Clock Charlie, season two. [Hawkeye, Trapper, and crew place bets and make a day of it when a nearsighted Korean in an airplane tries to bomb the camp ammo dump everyday at the same time.]

#4. Letters, season nine. [School children from Hawkeye’s town write letters to the folks at M*A*S*H 4077. Everyone gets a handful to answer. A very touching scene near the end is when Charles receives a leaf from a tree that reminds him of home; Charles takes special care to answer that young one’s letter on paper, not by tape recorder.]

#3. Comrades in Arms, season six. [Probably one of the most well-done episodes. It is a two-parter, where Hawkeye and Margaret are sent to another M*A*S*H unit to demonstrate a technique. When they arrive, the camp has bugged out. As they hide in a nearby village hut, a romance kindled by fear develops.]

#2. The Interview, season four finale. [Clete Roberts, a real life war correspondent, does serious interviews to show the folks back home just how bad war can be. This episode did not have a laugh track.]

#1. Abyssinia, Henry, season three finale. [My personal favorite episode, though I cry every time I watch it. When Colonel Blake gets his discharge orders, everybody is thrilled. Hours after he leaves, though, joy turns to sadness when it is learned that his plane spun into the sea of Japan. No survivors.]

Honorable Mention: Who Knew?, season eleven. [After Hawkeye has a date with a shy new nurse, she is killed in an accident. When he offers to do the eulogy, because no one else really knew her, he is faced with how fleeting life can be. He tells the people in his life how much they mean to him.]

Hope you have enjoyed this top ten list dealing with this classic TV show.

As usual, have a great weekend, take care, and happy reading.

Top ten list of my favorite TV theme songs

Greetings, readers. Here is a top ten list of my favorite TV theme songs. I am such a TV fan that I couldn’t just stop at ten; I have included two honorable mentions. Ready, set, go.

#10. Batman. [From the 1966 TV series. One word was never so catchy.]

#9. Barnaby Jones. [Buddy Ebsen went from being a Beverly Hillbilly to being a private detective.]

#8. The original Star Trek series.

#7. Murder, She Wrote. [Angela Lansbury was a class act in every episode.]

#6. Futurama. [Bouncy and so catchy.]

#5. Little House on the Prairie. [One of my personal favorites.]

#4. Cagney & Lacey. [Also bouncy and catchy, which was a little unusual for a TV detective series.]

#3. Hawaii Five-O. [Circa 1968-1980]

#2. M*A*S*H* [The song,” Suicide is Painless” fits so appropriately.]

#1. Star Trek: The Next Generation. [Taken from the original motion picture score in 1979.]

Honorable Mentions:

#2. Gilligan’s Island. [Seasons 2 and 3.]

#1. The Twilight Zone. [From the 1960s.]

Well, there you go. As always, people are encouraged to leave a comment. Have a great weekend and happy reading.


Greetings, readers. Have you ever felt like your favorite TV character? The last two evenings I sure have. And what transpired in those two evenings of viewing made me quite depressed.

I was watching the original Upstairs, Downstairs and parts of my life through the eyes of James Bellamy.

I concentrated on this character, since he reminded me of myself. He is the son of a rich family who wanted for nothing and was taught to do what was expected of him. He gallantly serves his country in World War One to preserve the British Empire. Not that he agrees with it all, but it is his duty and he must do his duty. I thought to myself, that is me. James is a character who apparently went to the best schools and in the eyes of his parents was going to follow in his father’s footsteps and become a successful political figure. I think my parents wanted me to finish college and perhaps go into teaching like my father did.

But for me the biggest eye-opening moment was when James, who had really botched his life more or less, struck it rich in America but lost it all in the stock market crash of ’29, along with the money of one of the servants. It happened in the next to last episode of the series, “All the KIng’s Horses”. There was a marvelous final scene between James and his father Richard, as his father tries to make a final appeal to get his son to shape up. In the next scene, you see James in his bedroom, packing, destroying letters as well as writing a mysterious note to someone. He tells Hudson, the butler, that he is going to the countryside for a while and says goodbye without batting an eyelash. By nightfall the constables are at the door with the grim news of the suicide of their son. He couldn’t take the failure anymore. If any one single episode sums up my life it is that episode.

Now, I’m not saying my life has been a total flop, mind you. I have had more than my share of fun and good fortune. Yet it seems as though, since my parents have died, I have been muddling through life, just barely making my way. I have been complimented by people on how well they think I’m doing. I smile and say thank you, but the constant reminder of who I was then and who I am now will nag at me until my dying day.

As I have told people, my friends here at Addison Court apartments, I do suffer from depression and have thought about suicide, though not seriously, on more than one occasion. There is still something in me, however, that refuses to give up. I feel that it is time, perhaps, at the beginning of the year, to seek counseling. Perhaps a professional can help me make sense of things that have happened in the last fifteen or so years.

On a lighter side of this topic, thinking back over my youth, the parallel theme seems to hold true. No matter what my favorite show was at any given time, I could find bits and pieces of any character and say, boy, that character is just like me. In the 70s I associated with Alan Alda’s character Hawkeye Pierce in M*A*S*H. Just like James Bellamy, that character was a person who did what was expected of him but did not want to be there; who hated his situation.

This raises a big question. Has there every really been a me? Have I really defined myself? Or are we all just bits and pieces of TV characters, parallels of people we have seen in films or read about in books? I’m quite certain that there are folks that have known from a very early age precisely what they wanted in life and went out and got it. I am not one of those folks. Looking back on it, I have always struggled with identity, with self-esteem and self-worth. There are a few things that I can tell you for certain: I am a generous fellow, to a fault in fact, I am an old-fashioned man and proud of it, I enjoy being friendly, and have loved my animals throughout my life, especially my kitty cat KeeKee.

I’m sure that in a few days things will once again seem brighter to me. I must be thankful for what I have and who I am, and not worry about who I could have been. If I don’t, my yet to be found therapist will have even more work to do.

On Friday, a new top ten list will be added and soon a From Rebecca will be added. Until Friday, have a good day, take care, and happy reading.